Thursday, July 7, 2016



I finally got a picture of the clone of H. fulva forma rosea said to be the Rosalind daylily. I wanted to post it both to reference to the series I recently published on the species and the early days of hybridizing and the piece I last published on Colors in Daylilies. This clone is not as clean an example of pink as Stout's Charmaine, but it is quite striking when compared to the other fulvas grown in the west at the time of its importation.

In a previous post I recorded the following:

*In 1938 Stout introduced Rosalind. In the introduction year, A.B. Stout described it as:
"The name Hemerocallis fulva var. rosea refers to a group of fulvous daylilies which have rosy pink tints of coloring in their flowers. The first of these plants came to the New York Botanical Garden in a collection of wild plants obtained in the interior of China. There were several of these plants and they differed somewhat in stature, in the width of the segments of the flowers, and in the precise shades of coloring especially in respect to the mid-zone. Some were almost without this zone of more intense color.

"The individual selected for illustration in color (Addisonia 15: plate 484. 1930) at the time this variety was first described, has flowers with a pronounced mid-zone of darker coloring. Historically, this plant is to be considered as the botanical type of the variety. Divisions of this individual plant, itself a wild seedling in origin, have been distributed to some extent. But these divisions do not constitute the variety rosea. Collectively they comprise a single clone which has the same status as any one of the many individual seedlings of the variety. But it is probably correct to say that no other seedling or clone will duplicate this one. It possesses individual differences in character that are of some significance in horticulture.

"In order to give these propagations a desired horticultural identity, I will here give to the clone the name Rosalind daylily. The divisions now offered for sale by several nurseries as Hemerocallis fulva rosea are, I believe, of this clone, provided the stock came from the New York Botanical Garden under this name. Plants of this clone have thus far been incompatible to self and intra-clonal pollinations. Hence, seeds set by the plants of this clone are certain to be from cross-pollination with other plants, and the seedlings obtained from such seeds will not closely resemble the Rosalind daylily. This particular plant can be multiplied only by clonal propagation. Under the name Rosalind one should obtain only divisions of the one plant. " cited from: Horticulture, 1938, vol. 16, p. 226 )"

The Rosalind daylily then appears to actually be a fulva seedling from the wilds of central China that has been vegetatively propagated and is one of the original clones brought from Kuling, Kiangsi in 1924. I have no idea if the plant I grow as 'Rosalind' is the same as what Stout would recognize as 'Rosalind', but it looks similar. Stout introduced many species clones, including many fulva clones. I believe, however, that the 'Rosalind' daylily got officially introduced because someone else had "introduced it to commerce" for Dr. Stout previously and without his knowledge. As you can see above, he explains that the introduction of Rosalind is to give provenance to those daylilies in commerce at that time that derived from his original importations.

In regards to the color, I would point out that one can see in the picture that toward the center of the petals, there is some yellow coloring peaking through that causes the center of the petal to have an orange-pink/peach coloring that is sometimes considered "muddy". Charmaine has less yellow, and the cleanest modern pinks such as Rosy Complexion also show considerably reduced yellow coloring in the petal under the pink upper-anthocyanic pigmentation layer. The eye is quite red fading into hot-pink. You can see in the pictures that the bud is quite pale. There is considerable green in the throat. There is also a nice amount of movement in the petal edges and the overall look is long and thin, though not as extreme as the true-spiders of today.