Monday, September 10, 2018

Phenotype Navajo Princess x Substantial Evidence


Navajo Princess x Substantial Evidence

This has been a very rewarding area of breeding for me and has given me many good seedlings, as well as much good information to apply to my tetraploid program. I have grown Navajo Princess since the mid-1990s. It was the first "more expensive" daylily I ever purchased (I paid $35.00 for it at that time). I simply fell in love with the eye, the color combination and the gorgeous green throat! I have never fallen out of love with it and I can be just as excited by it today as I was two decades ago. It has done well here all that time, though it has shown some problems in the last few years when we have had exceptionally bad winters. With that said though, it is still here, still surviving and increasing. It just showed a good deal of damage in the early part of the year after those bad winters and the early (first round) of scapes were problematic, short and with a lot of bud damage. However, on rebloom it looks good and there is a rebloom scape going strong in my aunt's yard right now, as of this writing (09/09/2018). However, the tetraploid conversion that I had purchased in the fall of 2016 died during the winter of 2017/18. Luckily, it had bloomed in the spring of 2017 and I did get a good number of pods from its pollen over some of my very best tet seedlings. I also got good germination on these and so will have the Navajo Princess genetics at the tet level in my program to work with in the future. So now, on to the amazing seedlings I have gotten at the dip level through crossing Navajo Princess with the amazing Substantial Evidence... Click on the images to see larger versions. This will make reading the text on the multi-image slides easier.

These first generation seedlings were a revelation. I sure didn't expect the amazing things I got out of this pairing. I still have all four of these and at least two of them, maybe three, will likely be 2020 introductions. These exceeded my expectations in terms of improved plant traits, foliage habit and flower phenotype. The throats of three of them are the deep green of the pod parent, while the form tends more toward the flat, round form of the pollen parent. This is one of those rare instances where the best traits of the two parents came out in the first generation seedlings.

Sdlg NPXSE #1, picture above from the 2018 season. This plant shows extremely high rust resistance and good thrip resistance. The foliage shows dormancy and only emerges late in spring, avoiding most late spring freezes, and the foliage shows good resistance to the rare late freeze after it has emerged. It is very fertile both ways and often reblooms here, both instant rebloom and late rebloom. The color is nice, eye-catching and the big green throat holds up through the day and is a wonderful complement to the lovely pink tones. It often appears to be a reverse bicolor but it is more that the edges of the petals are paler than the rest of the petal or the sepals. The flower also has nice substance and is quite open and fairly flat.

SDLG NPXSE #2, picture above from the 2017 season, is the roundest and flattest with excellent texture. The pink color with the intense green throat is very eye-catching and holds throughout the day. The foliage is semi-evergreen and shows moderate rust resistance and thrip resistance. The plant is hardy here, never loosing any fans even in my hardest winters. The plant is fertile both ways, though pods can be more difficult than pollen, though I did get pods every year.

SDLG NPXSE #4, above picture from the 2017 season. This seedling is really stunning, but hard to photograph. The flower in person is a combination of pink, lavender and at times extremely blue-lavender in the eye. There can also be a pattern appear in the eye at times, and the green throat is bright and wide. The form tends toward a wide form with unusual form tendencies, to a full unusual form. The plant shows dormancy, though it emerges from dormancy a bit earlier than sdlg #1 (above). However, it doesn't show much damage from late freezes, and the foliage shows high rust resistance with moderate thrip resistance. The plant is fertile both ways.

Here are some examples of the first generation seedlings crossed with Military School, which produced nice seedlings and actually improved the thrip resistance of Military School.

I wasn't sure what I would get from crossing these two first generation siblings, but I knew I had to do the cross to see what would happen, both to see what good traits would pass through, but also to see what problems would appear or become more concentrated. I was surprised that I didn't see much in the way of problems, but I did see some serious concentration of the great green throats and the high rust resistance, with some showing much higher thrip resistance than either parent.

Above - Four F2 seedlings from NPXSE #1 x NPXSE #2

This was one of the seedlings from NPXSE #2 as pod parent, and WOW! What a seedling it is! Tall, well-branched scapes, big flowers with gorgeous rolls and curls, as well as the wonderful green throat. Showing the best traits of both parents, the plant is extremely rust resistance and with very good thrip resistance. The foliage shows dormancy, even though both parents are semi-evergreen. Fertile both ways, I am very excited about the potential for this seedling!

An interesting cross that produced this very nice seedling. With the best traits of both parents, it is still being observed.

This is a very exciting seedling. The stripes on the sepals are very consistent, adding a really interesting effect. The plant has been very rust resistant and shows excellent thrip resistance, better than either parent. The flower is just mesmerizing! It has been fertile both ways. I look forward to seeing how it develops over the next few years and the kind of seedlings it produces.

This was an interesting cross, which gave exciting and surprising results. The seedling bloomed up a storm in 2018, showing several rounds of rebloom for the second year in a row. Showing excellent rust and moderate thrip resistance, I am excited to see how this one develops.


Still lovely!

This group of NPXSE sdlgs have produced a wide range of very beautiful seedlings, many with high rust and thrip resistance, and the majority with strong to very strong green throats. The presence of Substantial Evidence genes have also tended toward hardiness and dormancy, as well as flat flowers, while the Navajo Princess genes have tended to add nice color and the great green throats. All-in-all, a very pleasing combination! This is probably one of the main lines of diploids I will continue to work with.

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