Wednesday, December 26, 2012

Tetraploid Flowers

Things I Love About Daylily Flowers
Tetraploid Edition

This is the follow up to my last post on diploid flowers. As I stated last time, no matter how much emphasis we may choose to give to plant traits (and these things are very important!) in the end it is the flowers that draw us in and keep us going. So here are some of my favorite styles of tetraploid flowers.

Species-like Cultivars

Ancient Elf by Gossard

I am very fond of Ancient Elf. It is the offspring of two conversion parents, so brings in new and interesting genetics to the tetraploid gene pool. This plant is very much like some of the species in appearance, and the two cultivars that are its parents are likely not too terribly removed from the species.

Notify Ground Crew
This cultivar from Hanson is very much like H. citrina in form and behavior.

Normal or Star-shaped Flowers

While all of these have wider petals than most of the species and species like types, they are not really round. This is one of my very favorite forms in daylilies, as they are very classic to my eyes and really look like a daylily. 

Chicago Apache

Solaris Symmetry

Carmine Monarch

Chocolate Dude

Round and Ruffled

Insider Trading

Hollywood and Vine X Oktoberfest seedling


Margueritte Pittard

Fruitful Endeavor

Unusual Form

Blue-eyed Curls

Wind Master

Lavender Arrowhead


Yellow Sledgehammer
Here showing a poly flower


Wild Wookie

String Bikini

Bali Watercolor


Song of The Empire - Relief form

Love Comforts the Soul - Pleated

Gram's Dream - Pleated and Teeth

Sunday, November 18, 2012

Things I Love about Daylily Flowers - Diploid Edition

Things I Love about Daylily Flowers
Diploid Edition

I want to focus this blog on flower phenotypes. I don't talk about this much, but let's face it, in daylilies it really is all about the flowers! While I want a great plant, that is in order to support an astonishing and lovely flower. Now, perhaps I have an advantage in liking most types of daylilies, so I am not stuck to one type or expression of flower. This creates more room from which I can select individuals that have both a great plant and a striking flower in combination.

I love nearly all types of daylilies. From small round and ruffled diploids to gigantic unusual form tetraploids, and everything in between. I just love daylilies. That is why when asked which type of daylily I am working with, I am forced to answer, "Daylilies".

I love every form; from the star and trumpet shaped species, to the extravagant spiders, all unusual formed flowers, round and ruffled, advanced edged types, thin and delicate as well as thick and plastic-like textures, and everything in between - I like them all.

In this post I want to look at some of my favorite forms and types in the Diploid category. This post will be image heavy, so it may take a while for all the pictures below to load on slower browsers.


The Species are delicate and airy. They have a wild quality to them that is endearing and beautiful.  Above Right, Hemerocallis fulva 'Europa' and Left Hemerocallis citrina.

This is a diploid form of Hemerocallis fulva that was brought back to the US from a botanical garden in Seoul, Korea by Darrell Apps in the 1980's. This form shows a very nice, bright green, star-shaped throat.


The unregistered Nashville Star by G.H.Wild. It is a short red, very fulva-like, with rhizomatous growth habit.

 Above - Nesmith's 1941 introduction Autumn Red

Frans Hals by Flory, 1955- Above Left - at 8 pm in June during severe drought. While the color has faded in the extreme heat and all day sun, the flower texture has remained intact and there has been no melting of the petals. Above Right - Frans Hals at 9 am in June during severe drought.

Above - The old A.B. Stout cultivar Linda. 


An unknown round red diploid showing moderate ruffling.

An unknown ruffled pink diploid showing very heavy ruffling that is reliable and does not cause any problems with the flower opening.

Above Left, Early and Often is an awesome reblooming, small flowered cultivar with round and ruffled form, and Above Right - Matthew Martin, which is registered as a tetraploid, but breed both ways as a diploid for me, and is very fertile both ways. I love the roundness and heavy texture of this flower. I can see how it could be easily mistaken for a tetraploid.

Pandora's Box is a lovely older near white with purple eye that shows a nice round form with light ruffling on the petal edges.

Baby Blue Eyes by Elizabeth Shooter is an extraordinarily colored lavender eyed purple. The plant has been very hardy and very rust resistant, as have other Shooter cultivars in my garden. Anyone interested in extreme ruffling on diploid cultivars should take a close look at the newest Shooter introductions at Marietta Gardens.


The old G.H. Wild cultivar Wild One, is still a fantastic unusual form.

Pack Hunter, by Brian Mahieu, is a newer very twisty, curly, tall and hardy unusual form that has the old A.B. Stout cultivar, Challenger, as its pod parent. This cultivar is very striking in the garden and while the scapes lean out a bit, they are sturdy and hold up well. The slight bit of lean actually makes the illusion of the flowers cascading more and having a lot of movement.

Above - An Unusual form seedling in my seedling beds.

Above and below Left - an unknown unusual form often sold as "Magic Dawn". The plant is very vigorous and fertile both ways. The seedling Below Left is from my own seedling beds.

Above - Leaping Lizards, another nice Shooter cultivar that has nice color, good texture, lots of movement and usually reblooms.
Left - A late afternoon flower on Spider Miracle.
Below - Spider Miracle in the early morning with a very green throat.

Below and Left - The G.H. Wild cultivar Giant Fling. I love the triangular form of these flowers. The pinching is a nice touch and the color is a lovely near white with peach/pink flush at the outer edges of the petals as the day goes on.

Left - Mercedes is another older G.H. Wild cultivar with unusual form.

Above Left - Brown Exotica, which is very exotic indeed. Above Right - Big Smile x Heavenly Angel Ice seedling in my seedling beds.
Left - Another shot of G.H. Wild's Wild One. This shot shows the pleating that the cultivar occasionally shows, much like that seen in a more developed form, in some tetraploid cultivars of the pleated sculpted type.


Above - Cherokee Vision is a seedling of Nashville Lights, which is in turn a seedling of Kindly Light. This is a very pretty spider.

Left - Kindly Light is a dependable old spider of very nice form and very strong constitution.
Below - A Early Alibi x Ghost Ranch seedling in my seedling beds.

Left - Jersey Jim is a tall spider with large flower that blooms late and often reblooms.
Right - Galaxy Explosion is a very fertile spider with a very strong presence.

Aldersgate, Above, is a lovely, thin, exaggerated spider form that has done very well in my garden. It has only been pollen fertile so far.

Heavenly Angel Ice is a smaller spider that lives up to its name. It has been a good performer in my garden.

Heavenly Final Destiny is a large diploid spider with very waxy texture and stiff, plastic-like flowers. The overall effect is very much like we expect from a tetraploid spider. I don't think this one is a final destination so much as a launching point!

Flat Formed Dips
(No Trumpet)

I can't say enough good things about Substantial Evidence by Richard Norris and its relatives. Lovely and very different in the landscape.