Saturday, December 1, 2018

Phenotype Substantial Evidence Family


Substantial Evidence Family

I fell in love with Substantial Evidence (click link for a full description) the minute I saw it. One pet-peeve I have had for a long time is with hybrid daylilies that display beautiful eyes but that are only partially opened, sort of like the trumpet form one sees on many species of Hemerocallis, but usually with shorter and rounder petals. I remember the very first blue-eyed small dip that I had in the mid-1990s. I would look at its partially opened flower and think how pretty that would be if the flower was more open, and that the 'ultimate' would be to get such eyes on flowers as flat as a plate, or for that matter, how lovely absolutely any color or pattern combination would be on such a flat flower. 

When I was beginning my breeding program in 2009-2010, doing research on new types of daylilies before I started buying new cultivars to breed with, I ran across Substantial Evidence and was immediately hooked. I had to have it! I imagined a thousand different faces, all with that amazing flat flower, and then I imagined how that flower style might look when combined with other flower forms, such as narrow spiders and unusual forms. I had wanted to focus only on tetraploids, but when I saw Substantial Evidence and realized it was a diploid, I knew I was going to have to work with this diploid line until I could get its genetics at the tetraploid level. By working with it at the dip level, I would have a better idea of how to use it at the tet level, once I was finally able to obtain representatives of this family line at the tet level, which I have since done.

Click any image to see a larger version.

I have crossed Substantial Evidence to a wide range of diploids. My goal was to see the results across a wide range of colors and phenotypes to judge the breeding value and range of phenotype that was possible with Substantial Evidence, and then to see if I could discern any patterns within the the seedlings. The seedlings above are an interesting group, a small cross-section of the thousands of seedlings I have raised out of Substantial Evidence.

Substantial Evidence x Heavenly Angel Ice
#6 in slide above

The cross of Substantial Evidence pollen onto the species form known as H. vespertina, often mistaken as a variation of H. citrina, but show through genetic work to probably be a species as suggested by cladistic modeling (click here for more). This cross produced much more interesting results than I had anticipated, creating larger, more open and much more modern and much more interesting flowers than I would have thought possible. The plant habit is strong and the scapes are tall and well branched with lots of buds.

We have already reviewed the cross of Navajo Princess and Substantial Evidence in an installment that preceded this one. Navajo Princess was the first eyed cultivar I owned that showed a nice open flower that displayed the eye and throat extremely well. It was a natural cross for Substantial Evidence, for me.

Substantial Returns

Substantial Evidence was known to throw reblooming seedlings when I bought it and so I thought it would be interesting to include Stella De Oro in crosses just to see what would happen. I was actually quite shocked by what I got in the first generation. I have three introductions from this cross. Substantial Returns is my favorite, because it is the melon-based color that the original Stella De Oro has been noted to carry by other breeders such as Darrel Apps and Mike  Huben, as well as its spatulate form. It can show a very flat form on established clumps and throws seedlings that are even more advanced than it is, as you can see in the slide below. For more on Substantial Returns, click here.

Two seedlings from Substantial Returns crossed to a full sibling. 

Substantial Substance, as its name suggests, shows extremely thick petal substance, making for an impressive garden display with its bright color and open flower form. Click name for more information.

Substantial Glow also shows extremely beautiful form and acid-orange color that stands out from a distance. Both of these cultivars are full siblings to Substantial Returns, and all three have shown exceptional breeding potential. Click name for more information.

Substantial Heart has Endless Heart as pod parent, which is a descendant of Stella De Oro through Darrel Apps breeding program. It shows very heavy substance, flat form and deep red color that glows.

The slide above shows several seedlings from Substantial Heart, Substantial Substance and Substantial Glow.

I had grown Spider Miracle since the 1990s. It was my first introduction to the concept of narrow forms, unusual forms and cascade style. I have always loved Spider Miracle and thought a lot about how different daylily traits would look on that style. I even pollinated it several years in a row well before I started my current program in 2010, but I never got any seed set. In 2011, the first year I had Substantial Evidence, even though I had never gotten seeds on Spider Miracle, since I was spreading the pollen everywhere anyhow, I pollinated every flower on a large clump of Spider Miracle with Substantial Evidence pollen and got one pod. That one pod contained five seeds. Two germinated and this was the keeper. When this plant bloomed for the first time I was simply amazed! The flower was huge and far weirder, and more wonderful, than I had ever imagined it could be. The flowers are always very large, and sometimes they are down-right huge. 

(Spider Miracle x Substantial Evidence) has proven to be an excellent breeder, producing an amazing range of seedlings in a wide array of interesting forms and colors, including very interesting lavenders and purples.

(Texas Feathered Fancy x Rognvaldursson) 
(Spider Miracle x Substantial Evidence)

Forsyth Pale Face x (Spider Miracle x Substantial Evidence)

Ida Mae Norris x (Spider Miracle x Substantial Evidence)

This is a very interesting broken patterned/stippled seedling!

These large seedlings show impressive substance and clear, icy, blue-lavender coloring with very large plants.

Seedling #1

Seedling #2

NEXT PAGE (coming soon)

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Phenotype Breeding Pastels

Phenotype Breeding

Pink Lavender and Purple
Unusual Forms

My favorite range of colors. ;-)

I love the colors lavender and pink with near-white to cream as a light compliment. They have a soft, calming effect in the landscape and are not always easy to find with strong or clear colors. They are especially lovely to me in the unusual forms, especially where they mimic orchids or show cascading features. My program will always bend toward these colors, along with purple shades, which is my favorite range of medium to dark tones. Here are some of my favorites from diploid program. This is a long post, containing 19 slides and multiple individual pictures. This is the largest single area of my diploid program. Click on any image to see a larger version.

This is a wonderful cross of two good cultivars. Even as we speak, Lily Munster is reblooming here in my mom's garden. It is a frequent rebloomer here and a overly cultivar with excellent rust resistance. Jocelyn's Oddity also shows excellent rust resistance. This cross produced a lot of good seedlings. These two are the best.

Seedling #6 from the above cross is an excellent plant and will be a 2019 introduction. With the lovely unusual form flower and the soft pink to lavender reverse bitone, the flower is extremely striking and very eye-catching. Extremely rust resistant and with moderately high thrip resistance, it makes for a lovely garden display and is an excellent breeder, showing breeding value for resistance to both, especially so for rust. The plant has been extremely pod fertile in my garden and is a successful mother plant in my program.

A lovely nest of buds in which the flowers lurk and glow. They remind me of light shimmering through the leaves of trees. This will be a 2019 introduction. More to come...

Seedling #6
The eye is especially lovely, subtle but always present. It sets of the reverse bicolor effect very well and can, at times, appear quite bluish.

Seedling #6 - In the garden

Seedling #6 is an excellent parent for a wide range of clean colors and interesting forms. As you can see from the above slide of seedlings from Seedling #6, it can go in many directions or colors, providing a clean background for many color combinations and producing some lovely, clear pastels. Click image for larger version.

Seedling # 3 from the above  group of seedling. This one is (Jocelyn's Oddity x Lily Munster) x Ziggy Played Guitar. 

This is a lovely narrow-petaled flower with attractive coloring and eye-no-edge pattern that often assumes unusual form and produces a few poly flowers every year. Not a true spider, but capable of producing flowers both more narrow and of unusual form. This will be a 2019 introduction. 

It does have stamens, but I also used it heavily ;-)

Seedlings from BEXGNG
Click for larger image.

We have seen the two slides below before on the page of this presentation on Species and Species-like crosses. Click for larger images.

Pollen Parent - Soul of the South

The pod parent - Fiji Mermaid x For Algernon

Seedling - 2018

Vorlon Revelation is one of my favorite introductions to date. I have had very good results using Vorlon Revelation as a breeder. For more on Vorlon Revelation click.

...On a day when most of the flowers are single and non-cristate. If you click the picture to enlarge it you will see there are still some partial doubles in this picture from the early part of the bloom season.

Fall rebloom looking crazy and wonderful.

...Another rebloom look. ...Another crazy face. 
Vorlon Revelation is consistently interesting.

Vorlon Revelation seedlings

Vorlon Revelation x Rose F. Kennedy

Vorlon Revelation x (Navajo Princess x Substantial Evidence Sdlg #2)

Vorlon Revelation x (Navajo Princess x Substantial Evidence Sdlg #2)

Sdlg (Navajo Princess x Substantial Evidence #2) x Vorlon Revelation

Vorlon Revelation x Lavender Feathers

Lavender Feathers and grasshopper

For more on Lavender Feathers click.



Sdlg - Lavender Feathers x Vorlon Encounter Suit
The flower has remained very consistent in the weird, intense coloring, while the dark edge with light wire edge has remained present.

Lavender Feathers x (Spider Miracle x Substantial Evidence)

(Tanimbar Cockatoo x Texas Feathered Fancy) x Lavender Feathers

(Olaf the Conqueror x Texas Feathered Fancy) x Lavender Feathers

(Tanimbar Cockatoo) x Lavender Feathers
both pictures above

This seedlings is striking and is very large and vigorous. Fertile both ways it is a parent to interesting patterns, intense purple color, very large plants and big flower with tall scapes. Divided in the fall of 2017 for introduction, it showed good recovery this spring and increased. It should be a 2019 introduction.

Seedling #1

Sdlg #2
The plant is extremely large and attractive.

Seedling (TFF X ROG) X Lavender Feathers

Seedling Lavender Feathers x (TFF X ROG)

Seedling Lavender Feathers x (TFF X ROG)

Seedling (TFF X ROG) x (Spider Miracle x Substantial Evidence)

Ziggy Played Guitar

(Jocelyn's Oddity x Lily Munster) x Ziggy Played Guitar

Seedling Zelazny x (Soul of the South)

Seedling Zelazny x (Substantial Evidence x Kaleidoscopic Intrigue)

Pack Hunter can produce a wide array of colors ranging from red to purple to brown to tan. The great brown seedling was a pleasant surprise and is likely a future introduction.

Seedling Pack Hunter x Brown Exotica